Main Menu
Main Events
CB Workflows
CB Online
Basic Information on Celiac Disease
What is Celiac Disease? PDF Print E-mail

It is a genetic, autoimmune disorder, which damages small intestine by interfering with the absorption of nutrients. According to the University of Maryland’s Center for Celiac Research, “1 in 133 Americans have celiac disease…making it twice as common as Crohn’s disease, ulceric colitis and cystic fibrosis combined”.

Celiac disease (CD) is triggered when gluten causes an immunologically toxic reaction which damages the mucosal surface of the small intestine. Gluten is the common name for the offending proteins in specific cereal grains that are harmful to persons with CD. These proteins are found in all forms of wheat (including durum, semolina, spelt, kamut, einkorn, and faro), and related grains, rye, barley, tritcale and possibly oats.

What Causes Celiac Disease? PDF Print E-mail

The cause of celiac disease, also called celiac sprue, or gluten sensitive enteropathy (GSE), is  unknown. However, the University of Maryland’s Center for Celiac Research indicates that the genes HLA DQ2 and/or DQ8 are absolutely necessary to develop the disease. But just because people have this gene does not guarantee celiac disease. “The disease is often inherited,” says “Many times, for reasons that aren't clear, the disease

What are the Symptoms? PDF Print E-mail

Many patients are asymptomatic for years, with the disease becoming active for the first time after
surgery, viral infection, severe emotional stress, or pregnancy and childbirth. Celiac disease may appear at any time in the life of a person with a hereditary pre-disposition. Symptoms of CD are as varied as the
nutritional deficiencies caused by the malabsorption.

Infants, toddlers and children may exhibit growth failure, vomiting, bloated abdomen and behavioral changes.

Classic symptoms may

How is Celiac diagnosed? PDF Print E-mail

A person seeking preliminary diagnosis must be consuming gluten. Specific antibody blood tests are
used to identify the possibility of celiac disease and are the initial step in screening individuals who are
at risk (first-degree relatives of biopsy diagnosed celiacs). Certain antibodies are produced by the
immune system in response to substances that the body perceived to be threatening, i.e. gluten.

Research shows that people with CD have higher than normal levels